Black Hawk County vs. Iowa
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Gross Domestic Product Growth and Change, 2017-2022
Introduction
Black Hawk County vs. Iowa
Black Hawk County:
2022 GDP = $9,635,198K
2022 Percent of State = 4.04%
Iowa:
2022 GDP = $238,342,280K
2022 Percent of U.S. = 0.93%
Nationally, GDP (Gross Domestic Product) is widely regarded as the foremost blue-chip barometer for tracking and calibrating the economic performance of the economy nationwide. Like its closely followed national counterpart, the GDP of Black Hawk County is the most comprehensive measure of output of all goods and services produced by labor and property located within Black Hawk County. It is a market valuation of the goods and services-both private and public-produced within a regional economy.
Unlike the widely and frequently reported employment and job numbers that measure labor as one of the units of input into production, GDP is a valuation of the output. Also, while County Personal Income is representative of the "purchasing power" of those that reside within a county, think of Gross Domestic Product as representative of the "producing power" of that county.
For a more detailed and technical explanation of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by County compiled by the Regional Product Branch of Bureau of Economic Analysis please refer to the A Primer on Local Area Gross Domestic Product Methodology article found on the BEA website.

BEA: Definition

GDP by county is the county counterpart of the Nation's gross domestic product (GDP), the Bureau's featured and most comprehensive measure of U.S. economic activity. GDP by county is derived as the sum of the GDP originating in all the industries in a county.

The statistics of real GDP by county are prepared in chained (2017) dollars. Real GDP by county is an inflation-adjusted measure of each county's gross product that is based on national prices for the goods and services produced within that county. The statistics of real GDP by county and of quantity indexes with a base year of 2017 were derived by applying national chain-type price indexes to the current-dollar GDP-by-county values for the 64 detailed NAICS-based industries for 1997 forward.

The chain-type index formula that is used in the national accounts is then used to calculate the values of total real GDP by county and of real GDP by county at more aggregated industry levels. Real GDP by county may reflect a substantial volume of output that is sold to other counties and regions. To the extent that a county's output is produced and sold in national markets at relatively uniform prices (or sold locally at national prices), real GDP by state captures the differences across states that reflect the relative differences in the mix of goods and services that the counties produce. However, real GDP by county does not capture geographic differences in the prices of goods and services that are produced and sold locally.

United States. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Product Division.
BEA News Release (GDP by State). 2013. Web.
https://www.bea.gov/data/gdp/gdp-state.

BEA: Relation of GDP by county to U.S. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

An industry's GDP by county, or its value added, in practice, is calculated as the sum of incomes earned by labor and capital and the costs incurred in the production of goods and services. That is, it includes the wages and salaries that workers earn, the income earned by individual or joint entrepreneurs as well as by corporations, and business taxes such as sales, property, and Federal excise taxes that count as a business expense.

GDP is calculated as the sum of what consumers, businesses, and government spend on final goods and services, plus investment and net foreign trade. In theory, incomes earned should equal what is spent, but due to different data sources, income earned, usually referred to as gross domestic income (GDI), does not always equal what is spent (GDP). The difference is referred to as the "statistical discrepancy."

Starting with the 2004 comprehensive revision, BEA's annual industry accounts and its GDP-by-county accounts allocate the statistical discrepancy across all private-sector industries. Therefore, the GDP-by-county statistics are now conceptually more similar to the GDP statistics in the national accounts than they had been in the past.

U.S. real GDP by county for the advance year, 2012, may differ from the Annual Industry Accounts' GDP by industry and, hence NIPA (National Income and Product Account) GDP, because of different sources and vintages of data used to estimate GDP by state and NIPA GDP. For the revised years of 2009-2011, U.S. GDP by county is nearly identical to GDP by industry except for small differences resulting from the GDP-by-county accounts' exclusion of overseas Federal military and civilian activity (because it cannot be attributed to a particular state). The GDP-by-industry statistics are identical to those from the 2012 annual revision of the NIPAs, released in July 2012. However, because of revisions since July 2012, GDP in the NIPAs may differ from U.S. GDP by county.

United States. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Product Division.
BEA News Release (GDP by State). 2013. Web.
https://www.bea.gov/data/gdp/gdp-state.

Black Hawk County Gross Domestic Product, 2018-2022
Current vs. Chained 2017 Dollars (Millions)
Black Hawk County Gross Domestic Product, 2018-2022
Current vs. Chained 2017 Dollars (Millions)
Figure 1.
Figure 1 depicts Black Hawk County's annual gross domestic product over 2018-2022 in current and constant (chained 2017) dollars. Constant dollar measurements remove the effects of inflation. They allow for comparison of changes in the real total good and services output of Black Hawk County over time.
When measured in current dollars, Black Hawk County's GDP increased 18.92%, from $8,102M in 2018 to $9,635M in 2022. When measured in constant 2017 dollars to adjust for inflation, it advanced 2.20%, from $7,974M in 2018 to $8,149M in 2022.
Real Gross Domestic Product, 2017-2022 (Millions)
Real Gross Domestic Product, 2017-2022 (Millions)
Figure 2.
Figure 2 traces Black Hawk County's and Iowa's annual real gross domestic product for the period 2017-2022 to illustrate real gross domestic product patterns over time. During this 6-year period, Black Hawk County's real gross domestic product rose from $7,815M in 2017 to $8,149M in 2022, for a net gain of $334M, or 4.27%. In comparison, Iowa's real GDP increased from $187,125M in 2017 to $197,846M in 2022, for a net gain of $10,721M, or 5.73%.
Real Gross Domestic Product Indices (2017=100): 2017-2022
Real Gross Domestic Product Indices (2017=100): 2017-2022
Figure 3.
Figure 3 shows Black Hawk County's real gross domestic product growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Iowa, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's real gross domestic product in 2017 as a base figure of 100, and the real gross domestic products in later years as a percentage of the 2017 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in real gross domestic product growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Black Hawk County's overall real GDP growth was 4.27% over 2017-2022 trailed Iowa's increase of 5.73%, and fell below the United States' increase of 11.27%.
Gross Domestic Product as a Percent of the Iowa Total: 2017-2022
Gross Domestic Product as a Percent of the Iowa Total: 2017-2022
Figure 4.
Another interesting and insightful way of contrasting the gross domestic product growth of Black Hawk County is to trace its individual percentage contributions to Iowa's statewide gross domestic product over time, as shown in Figure 4. A rising share means a region's gross domestic product grew faster, or declined less, than Iowa's gross domestic product, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 2017, Black Hawk County's GDP comprised 4.18% of Iowa's GDP, while in 2022 it totaled 4.04% thereby yielding a -0.13% share-shift.
   
 
Gross Domestic Product Share-Shift
2022 vs. 2017
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2022
vs.
2017
-0.13%
=
4.04%
-
4.18%
 
   
Black Hawk County Real Gross Domestic Product:
Annual Percent Change, 2018-2022
Black Hawk County Real Gross Domestic Product:
Annual Percent Change, 2018-2022
Figure 5.
Figure 5 shows the short-run pattern of Black Hawk County's real gross domestic product growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 2018-2022. The average annual percent change for the entire 5-year period is also illustrated on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Black Hawk County's real GDP grew at an annual rate of 0.89% over 2018-2022. The county posted its highest growth in 2021 (6.13%) and recorded its lowest growth in 2022 (-3.03%). In 2022, Black Hawk County's real GDP declined by -3.03%
Black Hawk County Real Gross Domestic Product:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 2018-2022
Black Hawk County Real Gross Domestic Product:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 2018-2022
Figure 6.
Figure 6 again illustrates the annual percent change in Black Hawk County's real gross domestic product since 2018, but this time they are displayed with the average growth rate for 2020-2022.
During the 2020s, Black Hawk County's annual real GDP growth rate averaged 1.15%.
Real Gross Domestic Product Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Real Gross Domestic Product Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Black Hawk County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Iowa and the nation. As the chart reveals, Black Hawk County's average annual real gross domestic product growth and recorded under Iowa's average over the 3 year period of the current decade, 2020-2022 (1.15% vs. 1.70%).
Finally, relative to nationwide real gross domestic product growth trends, Black Hawk County and recorded underneath the nation over 2020-2022 (1.15% vs. 1.84%).
   
 
Real* Gross Domestic Product Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.89
1.15
-3.03
 
1.15
1.70
-0.31
 
2.19
1.84
1.94
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Black Hawk County:
Gross Domestic Product, 2017-2022
 
2017
 
7,815,015
1.000
7,815,015
100.0
N
4.18
2018
 
8,102,036
1.020
7,974,022
102.0
2.03
4.19
2019
 
8,252,006
1.010
7,891,355
101.0
-1.04
4.21
2020
 
8,516,787
1.013
7,918,264
101.3
0.34
4.27
2021
 
9,201,551
1.075
8,403,668
107.5
6.13
4.17
2022
 
9,635,198
1.043
8,149,083
104.3
-3.03
4.04
Source: Calculations by the Iowa Regional Economic Analysis Project (IA-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2023
REAP_PI_CA1400_2000_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Iowa:
Gross Domestic Product, 2017-2022
 
2017
 
187,124,993
1.000
187,124,993
100.0
N
0.95
2018
 
193,155,082
1.011
189,245,131
101.1
1.13
0.94
2019
 
196,085,122
1.006
188,318,356
100.6
-0.49
0.91
2020
 
199,446,954
1.000
187,136,650
100.0
-0.63
0.94
2021
 
220,818,181
1.061
198,470,829
106.1
6.06
0.94
2022
 
238,342,280
1.057
197,846,255
105.7
-0.31
0.93
Source: Calculations by the Iowa Regional Economic Analysis Project (IA-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2023
REAP_PI_CA1400_2000_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Gross Domestic Product, 2017-2022
 
2017
 
19,612,102,000
1.000
19,612,102,000
100.0
N
2018
 
20,656,516,000
1.030
20,193,896,000
103.0
2.97
2019
 
21,521,395,000
1.055
20,692,087,000
105.5
2.47
2020
 
21,322,950,000
1.032
20,234,074,000
103.2
-2.21
2021
 
23,594,031,000
1.092
21,407,692,000
109.2
5.80
2022
 
25,744,108,000
1.113
21,822,037,000
111.3
1.94
Source: Calculations by the Iowa Regional Economic Analysis Project (IA-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2023
REAP_PI_CA1400_2000_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2024. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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